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God intends that such love be a normal part of *marriage in his good creation. At the synagogue, the people prayed, worshiped, and listened to the reading of God’s Word. Luke presented a complete, orderly account of Christ’s life from his *birth to his *ascension. The Dictionary Proper. However, it is important to note that Zondervan does not provide any explanation for the statement as … The OT was originally written on animal skins (called vellum or parchment) or on *papyrus (a writing paper made from the papyrus plant). photos and images to illuminate your reading and understanding. The dog was almost wild and was described as a snarling, dirty creature. They hated the Romans and the influence of Greek thought. Prophecy is a type of literature found not only in the OT books of Isaiah through Malachi but in the NT as well. Abraham came from Ur. ), The Bible is the unfolding drama of the development of the *kingdom of God. Eastons, Smiths, Naves, Websters 1828, Hitchcocks, Strongs, Thayers and Brown Driver Biggs 4.3 out of 5 stars 35. After Solomon’s death, the kingdom was divided into two nations: the northern kingdom (*Israel — ten tribes) and the southern kingdom (*Judah — two tribes). He reminded Christians that they must do more than just say they belong to Christ — they must live and act accordingly. These laws are summarized in the *Ten Commandments. 6,255 Views . Protestants recognized as canonical only those OT books that were part of the Jewish canon and those NT books that long had been accepted by the church. *Song of Songs is a poem about the beauty of *love between a man and a woman. Names Not Listed in the Dictionary. The Bible consists of sixty-six books that were written over a period of more than a thousand years by many different men. The *Apocrypha is a collection of fifteen books, most of which were written during the intertestamental period. Micah predicted that glory would return to *Zion through the coming of the Messiah. Almost every OT book includes historical information. Amos accused the wealthy of mistreating the poor, condemned their outward show of worship, and predicted their future *judgment. *Second Thessalonians was written shortly after First Thessalonians and deals with the same topics. The NIV Bible Dictionary can thus be used in three ways: 1. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means — electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or any other — except for brief quotations in printed reviews, without the prior permission of the publisher. They cannot serve two masters (Matt 6:24); the double-minded man is unstable in all his ways (James 1:8). Jeremiah announced God’s coming judgment and called the people to repent and submit to God. Each gospel presents the ministry, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus in a distinctive way for a specific audience. 3. John included many details not found in the other Gospels. The NIV Bible Dictionary consists of four parts: 1. He described the *apostasy that will precede Christ’s coming in judgment and urged the Thessalonians to stand firm in the faith. God’s lordship is seen in his sovereign rule over all things. As Paul said: All Scripture is God-breathed (2 Tim 3:16) — breathed out by God through the mouths and pens of men. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible notes. The NIV Bible Dictionary can help bridge the differences between people of Bible times and people of today and thus help us understand how the teachings of the Bible apply to our needs and concerns today. Later, God gave this country to his chosen people, Israel, and it came to be called by that name. Requests for information should be addressed to: All Scripture quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®. Aramaic was the international language at the end of the OT era and the spoken language in Palestine during the time of Christ. The Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary provides a visually stimulating journey for anyone interested in learning more about the world of the Bible. The oldest name, *Canaan (Gen 10:19; 12:6), came from the people who originally occupied the land, the Canaanites. Thus it is true: What the Bible says, God says. This introductory article will provide you with an overview of the Bible and its background and will give you a framework for studying individual topics in more depth with the help of the Topical Index (see description below). First Chronicles emphasizes David’s important role in developing worship in Israel and the need for obeying God to receive his blessing. Some biblical books are all poetry (Psalms, Song of Songs, and Lamentations), and others contain poetry (many of the *prophets). Hebrew is the main language in which the OT was written. Apocalyptic writing is found in Isaiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Zechariah, and Revelation. So is my word that goes out from my mouth: It will not return to me empty (Isa 55:11). The NT emphasizes the Holy Spirit’s role of writing God’s laws on our hearts and thus making us sensitive to God’s will. Hebrews was written to Jewish Christians to remind them that Christ was greater than angels, Moses, the Old Testament priests, and the Law. The author discovered that life apart from God is meaningless and urged us to fear God and obey him. Description. and were known for their literature, law, and science. Sinai, where God gave the Law, to Kadesh Barnea, where only two spies wanted to obey God and enter the Promised Land, as well as the forty years of wilderness wandering that resulted from Israel’s disobedience. *First Corinthians was written by Paul to the church at Corinth during his third missionary journey. Sinai. A few features of Hebrew poetry are similar to modern poetry, though in many ways Hebrew poetry is quite different. This places three requirements on the Lord’s followers. (See Wisdom Literature.). These books cover the period of history from the time of the judges through the Persian Empire. Who were the Pharisees? Throughout the ages, *scribes carefully preserved these writings. (See Civil Law;Crimes; Law; Legal System; Punishment.). (See *ApocalypticLiterature. The ancient Hebrew text of the OT contained only consonants. The Bible does not record all the major events of the historical periods it covers. Through the articles, sidebars, charts, maps, and full-color images included in this volume, the text of the Old and New Testaments will come alive for you as never before. Some of the OT writers used older written records (Josh 10:13; 2 Sam 1:18), oral tradition (information faithfully and accurately passed from one generation to another by word of mouth; Deut 6:20 – 25; 26:5 – 9), words dictated by God (Exod 20:1 – 17; Deut 10:4; Isa 8:1, 11), and information based on God-given *visions (Isa 1:1; 2:1; 6:1; Rev 4:1 – 2). What did Samson and John the Baptist have in common? He announced the coming of the Day of the Lord, when God would punish Judah and the nations, and prophesied a future restoration of Israel. The last chapters (10 – 36) are devoted to the history of Judah. *First Samuel covers the history of Israel from the birth of *Samuel, the prophet who anointed Israel’s first two kings, to the death of Saul. The southern, or Judean, range includes *Jerusalem (2,592 feet) and *Hebron (3,370 feet). (1) Christians are to trust and obey every word of God (Matt 14:31; 21:21; Luke 8:11 – 13; John 3:18). Although the words of the Bible are truly human, they are not merely human. *Ezekiel was taken to Babylon in 597B.C. The spring rains occur in April and are necessary for the development of crops. After the invention of the printing press, William Tyndale decided to make a translation of the Bible from the original Greek and Hebrew. Concise, readable, and informative, the Zondervan Bible Dictionary is ideal for use at home, in study groups, and in schools. Tyndale’s NT appeared in 1525, and parts of the Pentateuch appeared in 1530. Plant life in Palestine has changed a great deal since the time of Genesis. ” – Zondervan Bible Dictionary We know that Japheth is the origin of Europeans and Ham is the origin of Africans, which only leaves Shem as the origin of the Negroes. They emphasized rigid and complete obedience to the law, which for them included the OT law and their own interpretations, traditions, and laws. (See Greece; Persia; Ptolemy; Seleucids.). Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy contain many additional laws that explain how the broad principles of the Ten Commandments were to be applied in Israel to worshiping God, governing the nation, in individual behavior, and in social interaction. Therefore Palestine was an important piece of real estate that was desired and fought over by many world powers. Sometime after the Exile, Jewish assemblies developed into *synagogues, an institution that spread throughout the Roman Empire wherever Jews were found. The first five books of the OT (the Pentateuch) describe the beginning of the world and the beginning of the Jewish nation. Jerome translated directly from the Hebrew text with references to the Septuagint. (See Intertestamental Period. Thus in their teachings and requirements, the Pharisees added laws to those found in the OT. The Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary was created to help you get more out your study of the Bible. View a Bible dictionary for letter . First Timothy is a personal letter to Timothy about the administration of the Ephesian church. The writers of the NT also relied on information from other eyewitnesses, on oral tradition (2 Thess 2:15; 1 Cor 15:1 – 9), and on other written accounts (Luke 1:3). The *Septuagint is the name for a Greek translation of the OT that was made between 250 and 150 B.C. *Zephaniah was a prophet in Jerusalem during the reign of Josiah. *Habakkuk, a prophet to Judah, learned that God would use Babylon to punish wicked Judah and then in turn would judge Babylon. The NIV Bible Dictionary is a condensed version of The New International Dictionary of the Bible. Dictionary Names Not Listed in the Dictionary About the publisher Share your thoughts The single most important factor in the Palestinian climate is rainfall. From the Sea of *Galilee (650 feet below sea level) in the north, the *Jordan River flows 200 miles south to the *Dead Sea, which is 1,286 feet below sea level — the lowest point on the surface of the earth! Through the articles, sidebars, charts, maps, and full-color images included in this volume, the text of the Old and New Testaments will come alive for … The fertile plains of the northwest and central areas provided the best land for *agriculture. Codex Vaticanus dates from the middle of the 4th century A.D. and contains most of the OT and NT. *Ephesians was probably written to a group of churches in Asia Minor that included Ephesus. *Jeremiah was the last prophet God sent to Judah before she fell to the Babylonians and Jerusalem was destroyed. Subtropical trees include oaks, terebinths, carob, box, and some pine trees. After Solomon’s death, the nation split into the northern ten tribes, which retained the name Israel (or *Ephraim), and the southern kingdom, which was called Judah. In biblical times, three main fruit-bearing trees were so characteristic of the land that they were used to symbolize Israel: the olive, the fig, and the vine. Nineveh was the capital of Assyria, Israel’s main enemy. Overview. In order to destroy the national identity and religion of the Jews, Antiochus forbade the Jews to circumcise their children. *Adam and *Eve were created to rule for God by establishing his kingdom on earth for God’s glory and humanity’s good. The Bible consists of real history about real people who shared the same type of concerns that we face today, though of course there are differences between then and now. The autumn rains begin in mid-October, with the heaviest rains occurring in December and January. 4. *Hermon (the tallest mountain at 9,232 feet) and the hills of Galilee. They also exposed the sin of God’s people and called for *repentance and *obedience, showing how God’s law applied to specific situations and problems. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Not only does the temperature vary from noon to midnight by as much as 36° (20° C.) but from region to region. Some of these animals were offered as sacrifices in the temple or on pagan altars. When a civil war broke out over the succession to the throne, Rome intervened. The Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary provides a visually stimulating journey for anyone interested in learning more about the world of the Bible. It will help you clear up the who, what, where, why, and how of the Bible so you can better appreciate the depth of its wisdom and its relevance for you today. True saving faith will produce Christian actions. The index will help you discover the wide variety of information that is available in the dictionary on various topics. In the NT, God’s people are related to him on the basis of the new covenant, which was established by Jesus’ sacrificial life, death, and resurrection. *Jericho, for example, is the oldest continuously lived-in city in the world. As a dictionary for quick reference, by using the main dictionary. These tame animals provided milk, meat, transportation, tent coverings, and clothing. *Psalms was Israel’s songbook. Be the first one to write a review. The coastal regions tend to have a more moderate climate, and the mountainous areas, such as Jerusalem, are warmer. The Almighty God is the Lord of heaven and earth. Jewish scholars officially confirmed the books of the Law as canonical. The meaning of an apocalyptic writing may not be immediately apparent. The Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary provides a visually stimulating journey for anyone interested in learning more about the world of the Bible. Coptic and Syriac translations of the Bible appeared during the second and third centuries A.D. It has the answers to these and hundreds of other questions you're likely to wonder about as you read the Bible. Haggai promised that God once again would fill the temple with his glory, as he had in the days of Solomon. Like God, then, the Bible is trustworthy and true. (See *Inspiration; Bible.). The Exhaustive version is the most complete, easy-to-use, understandable concordance for studying the original languages of the Bible. We will now discuss some of the special features of biblical literature. *First Kings begins with the reign of *Solomon and the building of the *temple. The sixty-six books in the Protestant Bible are referred to collectively as the canon, a term that comes from a Greek word that means rule or measure. (The Survey covers seven main topics: What is the Bible? *Esther is the story of Esther, a Jewish girl who became queen of Persia and who was able to prevent a plot to destroy the Jews. (See Animals. God called his people to be holy and to live for him. *Ecclesiastes examines all that life has to offer. A prophecy may have both an immediate and a long-term reference. Only then will we find purpose and satisfaction. Because the words of the Bible are God’s words, the Bible is God’s message to us. (See Birds.). In 1604, King James of England commissioned a group of scholars to make a new English translation that was based on the best available Greek and Hebrew manuscripts. The Dead Sea Scrolls (see below) confirm an early acceptance of all the OT books as canonical (with the possible exception of Esther). House Collection inlibrary; printdisabled; internetarchivebooks; china Digitizing sponsor Internet Archive Contributor Internet Archive Language English. (See Kingdomof God.). T. Alton Bryant Not Available Request an Exam Copy. THE ZONDERVAN BIBLE DICTIONARY Addeddate 2017-11-08 11:44:02 Identifier THEZONDERVANBIBLEDICTIONARY Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.6.3. plus-circle Add Review. Palestine was the home of a large number of wild animals: the lion, leopard, wolf, jackal, fox, rabbit, and deer. Zondervan Bible Dictionary: Douglas, J. D., Tenney, Merrill C.: 9780310293040: Books - Amazon.ca Book Summary. Who were the Pharisees? centered around the *Nile River. Topical Index. In Palestine, Greek culture influenced the *Sadducees, a group of wealthy priests who were loyal to the Roman government. Received his message by means of a holy, Godlike character the Israelites ’ relationships with one another develop build. Of Jerusalem ( which occurred in 586 B.C. ) * Second Peter a. 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